According to the type of pigment that has been used to perform a tattoo and to its colour, it is nowadays possible to remove it in a bloodless way, even when covering a large area, with a specific laser.
In the past, the only way to remove tattoos was to resort to surgical techniques, which left permanent scars – more or less evident, but always visible.
Today, with the new lasers, all this is outdated and it is possible to achieve excellent results, even without scars. The laser hits the tiny particles deposited on the derma, with a light ray that is specific for each pigment: it is so selective and powerful that it destroys them, without provoking any alteration on the skin.
According to the colour of the tattoo (for ex. if it is black, red, green or blue), a specific laser with a ray that is appropriate for the specific case must be used. Modern lasers are more effective in removing tattoos, because they can cool down the tattooed skin to 4 C° for a few instants, thus making it possible to cross the skin with a more powerful (therefore more effective) ray, without provoking a thermal damage on the surface. According to the pigment that has been used (whether of vegetal or mineral origin), more treatments might be necessary, at the ration of one per month.
After each treatment, the tattoo becomes less and less visible, until it disappears almost completely, approximately in four/five treatments. Laser treatment for tattoos is performed in outpatient sessions and needs no anaesthesia. After each treatment, it is possible to resume normal working and social activities.
Vascular stains, nevi flammei, flat angiomas, ruby angiomas, spider angiomas
Some subjects display since birth cutaneous vascular malformations that are red (flat angioma/nevo flammeo). With a specific vascular laser it is possible to obtain an effective treatment of such cutaneous lesions. With a ray that has a wave-length appropriate to provoke the regression of the small skin capillaries, a progressive attenuation of the red colour of the skin of the angioma is achieved.
The treatment with vascular laser is carried out in an outpatient session in a few minutes. The result is a progressive fading of vascular stains, nevi flammei, flat angiomas, ruby angiomas, spider angiomas with a bright red colour. The lesions that better respond to the treatment are the flat ones, where the colour is of a nice bright red, instead of lesions with a fairer colour. To obtain good results, it is necessary to phase a cycle of treatments with a vascular laser, following a schedule that the Specialist establishes according to the cases.
Skin Pigmented Marks, Skin Senile Marks
In some people early skin ageing phenomena become evident with the appearance of numerous senile marks on the skin. Senile marks form on the cutis of people who are naturally predisposed or as a consequence of a chronic excessive exposure to sun.
Nowadays it is possible to improve the aspect of such stains and, in some cases, achieve their almost total disappearance thanks to an absolutely soft methodology: IPL – Intensive Pulsed Light. This system does not imply the interruption of a normal social and working life. IPL (Intensive Pulsed Light) consists in a very intense beam of light emitted by a tool (handpiece): placed on the skin for a few seconds, this instrument can cause the regression of the hyperpigmentation of the marks in a few sessions.
The treatment with IPL (Intensive Pulsed Light) does not cause any bothersome feeling, it does not lead to the interruption of normal daily activities and it is performed as an outpatient treatment. With a few sessions every 3-4 weeks a progressive attenuation occurs. In some cases senile pigmented marks on the skin completely disappear.